Author(s): Wang YC, Chen CY, Chen SK, Chang YY, Lin P
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Abstract An association between the BstUI (Pro/Pro) genotype of the p53 codon 72 polymorphism and lung cancer has been reported previously (X. Jin et al., Carcinogenesis (Lond.), 16: 2205-2208, 1995). However, the genotype distribution of p53 codon 72 polymorphism as well as the association of this polymorphism with lung cancer risk and prognosis remain undefined in the Taiwanese population. Therefore, we investigated the genotype distribution of p53 codon 72 polymorphism in 194 lung cancer patients and 152 noncancer controls. The genotype frequencies in Taiwanese noncancer controls were 0.56 (Arg) and 0.44 (Pro). Chi2 analysis indicated significant differences in genotype distribution of p53 from other reports in Swedish (P < 0.001), Spanish (P < 0.001), Caucasians in the United States (P = 0.002), and African-Americans (P = 0.027). In addition, our data suggest that the Pro allele of the p53 codon 72 polymorphism increased the risk of lung cancer among female Taiwanese. The female patients with genotype Pro/Pro showed a significantly increased odds ratio (3.14; confidence interval, 1.48-6.64; P = 0.003) of having lung adenocarcinoma, compared with normal controls with the other genotypes. Patients with the Pro/Pro genotype had an odds ratio of 2.63 (confidence interval, 1.22-5.68; P = 0.01) higher than those with the other genotypes to be diagnosed with lung cancer at the early ages. We further investigated the association of p53 codon 72 polymorphism with prognosis in 133 lung cancer patients. Patients with the Pro/Pro genotype tended to have poorer prognosis than those with the Arg/Pro genotype (P = 0.05, by the log-rank test). Our data suggested that p53 codon 72 polymorphism may play a role in cancer susceptibility and prognosis in specific classes of lung cancer patients in Taiwan.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy