Author(s): Skaug V, Ryberg D, Kure EH, Arab MO, Stangeland L,
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Abstract The prognostic value of p53 status in non-small cell lung cancer has been investigated in 148 patients with clinical stage I-IIIB disease. Tumor tissues were examined for mutations in exons 4-9, with emphasis on defined structural and functional domains. Eighty-four mutations were detected in 83 (54\%) of the patients. Eighty-eight percent of the mutations were within exons 5-8, and 12\% of the mutations were within exons 4 and 9. Missense mutations occurred in 67\% of the tumors, and 30\% were null mutations (10\% stop mutations, 15\% frameshift mutations, and 5\% splice site mutations). Patients with mutations in p53 had a significantly higher risk for lung cancer-related death and for death from all causes than those with wild-type p53 [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.09 and 95\% confidence interval (CI) = 1.20-3.64 and HR = 1.69 and 95\% CI = 1.06-2.70, respectively]. Mutations in p53 related to even still poorer lung cancer-related prognosis were found at the following locations: (a) exon 8 (HR = 3.5; 95\% CI, 1.59-7.71)]; (b) the structural domains L2 + L3 (HR = 2.36; 95\% CI, 1.18-4.74), and (c) codons involved in zinc binding (HR = 11.7; 95\% CI, 3.56-38.69). Together, the biologically functional group of severe flexible mutants (codons 172, 173, 175, 176, 179, 181, 238, 245, and 267) and severe contact mutants (248, 282) were significantly related to shorter lung cancer-related survival (HR = 4.16; 95\% CI, 1.93-8.97). Squamous cell carcinoma was the dominant histological type in tumors involved in poor prognosis in exon 8 (HR = 3.19; 95\% CI, 1.07-9.45). These results indicate that mutations in defined structural and functional domains of p53 may be useful molecular biological markers for prognosis and treatment strategy in non-small cell lung cancer patients.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy