Author(s): Peterson LF, Mitrikeska E, Giannola D, Lui Y, Sun H,
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Abstract Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia has a progressive course starting in a benign phase and terminating in a blastic phase. In this study, we show that human homolog double minute 2 (HDM2) inhibition, with MI-219-a novel compound, and consequently p53 stabilization induce chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) blast crisis cells to undergo apoptosis regardless of the presence of the T315I mutation in the BCR-ABL kinase domain. The response to MI-219 is associated with the downregulation of c-Myc and the induction of p21(WAF1). The p53 target and pro-apoptotic proteins PUMA, Noxa and Bax are induced, whereas full length Bid protein decreases with increased activity of pro-apoptotic cleaved Bid, and decrease of Mcl-1 is observed by increased caspase activity. CD95/FAS (FAS antigen) receptor is also induced by MI-219, indicating that both intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic responses are transcriptionally induced. In addition, p53 protein accumulates in the mitochondrial fraction of treated cells involved in transcription-independent induction of apoptosis. We conclude that HDM-2 inhibition with MI-219 effectively induces p53-dependent apoptosis in most blast crisis CML cells, with or without BCR-ABL mutation(s).
This article was published in Leukemia
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy