Author(s): Oda K, Arakawa H, Tanaka T, Matsuda K, Tanikawa C,
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Abstract Through direct cloning of p53 binding sequences from human genomic DNA, we have isolated a novel gene, designated p53AIP1 (p53-regulated Apoptosis-Inducing Protein 1), whose expression is inducible by wild-type p53. Ectopically expressed p53AIP1, which is localized within mitochondria, leads to apoptotic cell death through dissipation of mitochondrial A(psi)m. We have found that upon severe DNA damage, Ser-46 on p53 is phosphorylated and apoptosis is induced. In addition, substitution of Ser-46 inhibits the ability of p53 to induce apoptosis and selectively blocks expression of p53AIP1. Our results suggest that p53AIP1 is likely to play an important role in mediating p53-dependent apoptosis, and phosphorylation of Ser-46 regulates the transcriptional activation of this apoptosis-inducing gene.
This article was published in Cell
and referenced in Advancements in Genetic Engineering