alexa PACAP protects hippocampal neurons against apoptosis: involvement of JNK SAPK signaling pathway.
Engineering

Engineering

International Journal of Advance Innovations, Thoughts & Ideas

Author(s): Shioda S, Ozawa H, Dohi K, Mizushima H, Matsumoto K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have demonstrated that the ischemia-induced apoptosis of neurons in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus was prevented by either intracerebroventricular or intravenous infusion of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-apoptotic effect of PACAP remain to be determined. Within 3-6 h after ischemia, the activities of members of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK), and p38 were increased in the hippocampus. The ischemic stress had a potent influence on the MAP kinase family, especially on JNK/SAPK. PACAP inhibited the activation of JNK/SAPK after ischemic stress. Secretion of interleukin-6 (IL-6) into the cerebrospinal fluid was intensely stimulated after PACAP infusion. IL-6 inhibited the activation of JNK/SAPK, while it activated ERK. These observations suggest that PACAP and IL-6 act to inhibit the JNK/SAPK signaling pathway, thereby protecting neurons against apoptosis.
This article was published in Ann N Y Acad Sci and referenced in International Journal of Advance Innovations, Thoughts & Ideas

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords