alexa Paclitaxel loaded poly(L-lactic acid) microspheres for the prevention of intraperitoneal carcinomatosis after a surgical repair and tumor cell spill.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Liggins RT, DAmours S, Demetrick JS, Machan LS, Burt HM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A controlled release delivery system for paclitaxel was developed using poly(L-lactic acid) to provide local delivery to the peritoneal cavity. Microspheres were made in 1-40 and 30-120 microm size ranges. In an in vitro release study, 30-120 microm microspheres loaded with 10, 20 and 30\% paclitaxel exhibited a burst phase of release for 3 days followed by an apparently zero-order phase of release. At all loadings, 20-25\% of the original load of paclitaxel was released after 30 days. The effect of microsphere size on retention in the peritoneal cavity was assessed. Control 1-40 microm microspheres were injected intraperitoneally in rats. The rats received either insufflation of the peritoneal cavity using 11 mmHg CO2 or no further treatment. After sacrifice, microspheres with diameters less than 24 microm were observed in the lymphatic system after being cleared from the peritoneal cavity through fenestrations in the diaphragm. Insufflation of the peritoneal cavity had no effect on the size of microspheres that were cleared. Efficacy studies were carried out using 30-120 microm microspheres that were of sufficient size to be retained in the peritoneal cavity. In a model of a tumor cell spill after a cecotomy repair, 100 mg of 30-120 microm microspheres containing 30\% paclitaxel were effective in preventing growth of tumors in the peritoneal cavity at both 2 and 6 weeks post-surgery. No gross or histologically evident tumor growth was observed on any peritoneal surfaces or in the surgical wound site. Rats receiving control microspheres all showed tumor cell implantation and growth after 2 weeks.
This article was published in Biomaterials and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords