Author(s): Legrand M, Roujeau T, Meyer P, Carli P, Orliaguet G,
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Abstract No recent studies are available which consider the epidemiology and outcome of paediatric intracranial empyema (PICE). We retrospectively studied all PICE cases admitted in our institution from 1993 to 2006. Outcome was assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) at 24 months. Aetiology, clinical features, therapeutic considerations and risk factors of poor outcome were analysed according to age. Data from 38 patients were studied; 33/38 presented with subdural empyema (SDE) and 5/38 with extradural empyema (EDE); 10/38 were infants <1 year of age with SDE, all related to bacterial meningitis; 28/38 were children, with 23/28 showing SDE and 5/28 EDE. Oto-sinogenic infections were the main causes in children. All infants recovered completely as did children with EDE. However, two out of 23 children with SDE had permanent neurological deficit, already detected on admission, and one out of 23 died. Thirty-three out of 38 were operated; 16 of which underwent multiple surgical procedure because of recurrence. Burr hole was performed in six infants and craniotomy in one, while 21/23 children underwent burr hole or craniotomy. Burr hole was more often associated with recurrence. In children with SDE, factors associated with poor outcome were neurological deficit (p = 0.002) and cerebral herniation on CT scan (p = 0.02) on admission. In this study, we gained further insights into modern epidemiology of PICE by highlighting age-related aetiology, symptoms, treatment strategy, and outcome differences. Meningitis was the main aetiology in the infants and sinusitis was prevalent in children. Finally, early diagnosis by neuro-imaging investigations and timely and appropriate multidisciplinary treatment may offer the best chance of recovery.
This article was published in Eur J Pediatr
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy