Author(s): Merlin JS, Cen L, Praestgaard A, Turner M, Obando A,
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Abstract CONTEXT: HIV infection has become a manageable chronic disease. There are few studies of pain and symptoms in the current treatment era. OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for pain and physical and psychological symptoms in a population of ambulatory HIV patients. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study using the Brief Pain Inventory and the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form (MSAS). RESULTS: We evaluated 156 individuals with a median age of 47.5 years (range 21-71), median time since HIV diagnosis of 11 years (range <1 to 25), and median CD4+ cell count of 502 cells/mm(3) (interquartile range [IQR] 308-683). Most (125, 80.6\%) of the patients had an undetectable viral load. Seventy-six (48.7\%) patients reported pain, of whom 39 (51.3\%) had moderate to severe pain, and 43 (57.3\%) had pain that caused moderate to severe interference with their lives. The median number of symptoms was eight (IQR 5-14.5) of 32 queried. In multivariable analyses, patients with psychiatric illness were 39.8\% more likely to have pain (P<0.001). Psychiatric illness was associated with 0.7 and 1.2 point higher MSAS subscale scores, and IV drug use was associated with 0.4 and 0.5 higher subscale scores (out of four). CONCLUSION: Pain and other physical and psychological symptoms were common among ambulatory HIV patients. Pain and symptoms were strongly associated with psychiatric illness and IV drug use. Future investigation should evaluate interventions that include psychiatric and substance abuse components for HIV patients with pain. Copyright Â© 2011 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Pain Symptom Manage
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research