alexa Pain assessment in cognitively impaired and unimpaired older adults: a comparison of four scales.
Medicine

Medicine

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Author(s): Chibnall JT, Tait RC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The purpose of the study was to compare the psychometric properties of four established pain scales in a population of hospitalized older adults (mean age, 76 years) with varying levels of cognitive impairment. Patients made ratings of current pain three times/day for 7 days. They also made retrospective daily, weekly, and bi-weekly ratings of usual, worst, and least pain levels over a 14-day period. Ratings were made on four different scales, varying in numeric and verbal demands: a five-point verbal rating scale, a seven-point faces pain scale, a horizontal 21-point (0-100) box scale, and two vertical 21-point (0-20) box scales (measuring pain intensity and pain unpleasantness). The accuracy, reliability, construct validity, postdictive validity, and bias susceptibility of each scale were evaluated. The horizontal 21-point box scale emerged as the best scale with respect to both psychometrics and validity, regardless of mental status. Pain intensity did not vary as a function of mental status. Retrospective estimates of pain varied by mental status: a combination of usual/worst pain was best for cognitively impaired patients, while a combination of usual/least pain was best for unimpaired patients. These findings support the use of the 21-point box scale for pain assessment in older patients, including those with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment. They also support the ability of older, cognitively impaired patients to rate pain reliably and validly.
This article was published in Pain and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords