alexa Pain in Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Gynecology & Obstetrics

Author(s): Moulin DE, Hagen N, Feasby TE, Amireh R, Hahn A

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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the character, intensity and frequency of pain in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and to evaluate the response to treatment. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Academic hospital-based practices. PATIENTS: Fifty-five consecutive patients with GBS. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were evaluated on admission and at 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Character of pain, pain intensity using Visual Analogue Scale ([VAS] 0 to 10 cm) and Present Pain Intensity of McGill Pain Questionnaire, pain relief (VAS 0 to 10 cm), Disability Grading Scale for GBS. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients (89.1\%) described pain during the course of their illness. On admission, mean pain intensity (VAS) was 4.7 +/- 3.3. However, 26 patients (47.3\%) described pain that was either distressing, horrible, or excruciating (mean VAS, 7.0 +/- 2.0). The most common pain syndromes observed were deep aching back and leg pain and dysesthetic extremity pain. Pain intensity on admission correlated poorly with neurologic disability on admission (r = 0.26, p = 0.06) and throughout the period of study (r < 0.20, p > 0.10). Forty-one patients (74.5\%) required opioid analgesics, with 16 (29.0\%) receiving parenteral morphine to provide adequate pain relief. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate to severe pain is a common and early symptom of GBS and requires aggressive treatment. Pain intensity on admission is not a predictor of poor prognosis. Back and leg pain usually resolves over the first 8 weeks, but dysesthetic extremity pain may persist longer in 5 to 10\% of patients despite motor recovery and the use of adjuvant analgesics.
This article was published in Neurology and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics

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