alexa Pain management for the child with cancer in end-of-life care: APON position paper.


Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine

Author(s): Hooke C, Hellsten MB, Stutzer C, Forte K

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Abstract Although there have been major advances in the treatment of childhood cancer with an overall survival rate of more than 70\%, cancer continues to be the leading cause of death in children resulting from disease. In 1998, 2,500 children in the United States died of cancer-related causes. Each year cancer kills more children than asthma, diabetes, cystic fibrosis, congenital anomalies, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome combined. The Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses (APON) is the leading professional organization for nurses caring for children and adolescents with cancer and their families. The highest standards of nursing practice are achieved through education, research, certification, advocacy, and affiliation. It is the position of APON that pain in the child dying of cancer can be effectively managed. This can be accomplished by making the prevention and alleviation of pain a primary goal, partnering with the patient and parents, and aggressively using appropriate pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic interventions. The pediatric oncology nurse has an essential role in the child's pain management at the end of life through nursing assessment, identifying expected outcomes, and performing and evaluating interventions. Copyright 2002 by Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
This article was published in J Pediatr Oncol Nurs and referenced in Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine

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