alexa Palatability of oral antibiotics among children in an urban primary care center.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems

Author(s): Angelilli ML, Toscani M, Matsui DM, Rieder MJ

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the palatability of antimicrobial agents effective against beta-lactamase-producing bacteria in American children. DESIGN: In a taste test of 4 antimicrobial agents, azithromycin (cherry flavored), cefprozil (bubble gum flavored), cefixime (strawberry flavored), and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (banana flavored) were compared. SETTING: An urban inner-city primary care clinic. SUBJECTS: A volunteer sample of 30 healthy children (aged 5-8 years). INTERVENTION: Palatability was determined using a single-blind taste test of 4 flavored antimicrobial agents. The 4 antimicrobial agents used were azithromycin, cefprozil, cefixime, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: After each antimicrobial test dose, subjects rated the taste on a 10-cm visual analog scale incorporating a facial hedonic scale. Preference assessments for the best-tasting and worst-tasting agent were also conducted. RESULTS: Of the 20 children who expressed a preference, significantly more children (9 [45\%], P<.05) selected the cefixime preparation as the best-tasting formulation compared with the other preparations. The cefixime preparation was also significantly the least likely to be selected as the worst-tasting preparation (2 [10\%], P<.05). There were no significant differences between the other 3 preparations with respect to being selected as either the best or worst tasting. The mean (+/- SD) visual analog scale score for cefixime was highest (8.53 [2.49]) compared with the scores for azithromycin (6.78 [3.45]), cefprozil (6.26 [4.04]), and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (6.24 [4.01]). CONCLUSION: The cefixime preparation was most commonly rated as best tasting by children.
This article was published in Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med and referenced in Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems

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