Author(s): Lanng S, Thorsteinsson B, Rder ME, Orskov C, Holst JJ,
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Abstract Pancreatic and gut hormone responses to oral glucose, and insulin sensitivity were studied in cystic fibrosis patients with normal (N = 14), impaired (N = 4), and diabetic (N = 12) glucose tolerance, and in 10 control subjects, and beta cell responses to oral glucose and intravenous glucagon were compared. Compared to control subjects, initial insulin and C-peptide responses to oral glucose were lower in all patient groups, and decreased with decreasing glucose tolerance. Insulin sensitivity in patients with impaired and diabetic glucose tolerance was lower than in control subjects. The 6 min post-glucagon C-peptide concentration was positively correlated with the initial insulin response to oral glucose. Fasting levels of pancreatic polypeptide, pancreatic glucagon, total glucagon, glucagon-like peptide-1 7-36 amide, and gastric inhibitory polypeptide were normal in all patient groups. Following oral glucose, pancreatic polypeptide responses were absent in all patients, suppressibility of pancreatic glucagon secretion was increasingly impaired with decreasing glucose tolerance, and gut hormone levels were normal. In conclusion, at cystic fibrosis (a) insulin secretion is impaired even when glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity are within the normal range, (b) the glucagon test gives valid estimates of residual beta cell function, (c) pancreatic polypeptide response to oral glucose is absent, (d) glucagon suppressibility decreases with decreasing glucose tolerance, and (e) the enteroinsular axis is intact.
This article was published in Acta Endocrinol (Copenh)
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism