alexa Pancreatic beta-cell loss and preservation in type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Buchanan TA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: In most individuals, the need to respond to progressive states of insulin resistance is met by increasing insulin production. For insulin-resistant patients, however, the balance between insulin supply and demand may fail from the progressive loss of pancreatic beta-cell function, eventually leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to discuss the current concepts underlying potential pancreatic beta-cell failure in the progression toward type 2 diabetes and therapies that may alter the process. METHODS: Data included in this review were identified through a MEDLINE search for articles published from 1966 to April 2003. Search terms used were beta cell, diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, cardiovascular disease, thiazolidinediones, and metformin. RESULTS: Evidence of the progressive loss of beta-cell function may include altered conversion of proinsulin to insulin, changes in pulsed and oscillatory insulin secretion, and quantitative reductions in insulin release. Potential underlying mechanisms are glucose toxicity, lipotoxicity, poor tolerance of increased secretory demand, and a reduction in beta-cell mass. CONCLUSION: Current clinical management of type 2 diabetes is focused on treatment of the signs and symptoms of late-stage disease rather than addressing potential underlying causes, which may be amenable to currently available therapies, based on a broad understanding of existing data, practice experience, and rational speculation.
This article was published in Clin Ther and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psyc[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords