Author(s): DAgostino D, Lowe ME
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Abstract Suckling mice express colipase before the expression of pancreatic triglyceride lipase. Yet, efficient fat digestion in newborns requires colipase, suggesting that colipase may act as a cofactor for another lipase such as pancreatic lipase-related protein 2 (PLRP2). We determined whether PLRP2 or another lipase depends on colipase for maximal activity in newborn mice by analyzing extracts from the pancreas of 4-d-old colipase-deficient and PLRP2-deficient mice. Pancreatic extracts from colipase-deficient pups had lipase activity that was stimulated onefold by the addition of exogenous colipase (P<0.001). The activity was completely inhibited by an antibody against pancreatic triglyceride lipase that also recognizes PLRP2. In contrast, pancreatic extracts from PLRP2-deficient pups had significantly lower baseline activity and no colipase-dependent activity. The baseline activity was not inhibited by the anti-pancreatic triglyceride lipase antibody or an antibody against carboxyl ester lipase. We next separated the extracts into two fractions, one containing PLRP2 and the other devoid of PLRP2. All of the colipase-dependent activity segregated with the PLRP2-containing fraction, consistent with the conclusion that PLRP2 is the major colipase-dependent lipase in the pancreas of newborns.
This article was published in J Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Data Mining in Genomics & Proteomics