alexa Pancytopenia secondary to methotrexate therapy in rheumatoid arthritis.


Journal of Arthritis

Author(s): GutierrezUrea S, Molina JF, Garca CO, Cullar ML, Espinoza LR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of methotrexate (MTX)-induced pancytopenia in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A MEDLINE literature search was conducted to identify articles published during the last 15 years (1980-1995) that presented data on MTX-associated pancytopenia. Two case reports of our own experience are also presented. In addition, articles that examined risk factors associated with MTX-related pancytopenia were identified. RESULTS: A total of 70 patients with pancytopenia related to MTX therapy were identified (68 reported in the literature, 2 from our own experience). Sixty-one of the patients were described in published case reports, 7 patients were from 5 long-term prospective studies. In many of these cases, predisposing factors for the development of pancytopenia were described. The 5 long-term prospective studies reported toxicity data on patients who had been treated with MTX for at least 13 weeks. A total of 511 patients were included in the prospective trials, yielding an overall incidence of pancytopenia of 1.4\% (7 of 511). Of the 70 cases reported, 12 patients died (17\%). Most of them had impaired renal function, hypoalbuminemia, concurrent infection, and/or concomitant medication with more than 5 drugs. The minimal cumulative MTX dose leading to fatal pancytopenia was 10 mg, observed in one of our patients. CONCLUSION: Pancytopenia is not an uncommon side effect of low-dose pulse MTX therapy in RA. It can lead to serious complications, including death.
This article was published in Arthritis Rheum and referenced in Journal of Arthritis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version