alexa Papillary microcarcinoma of the thyroid-Prognostic significance of lymph node metastasis and multifocality.
Surgery

Surgery

Surgery: Current Research

Author(s): Chow SM, Law SC, Chan JK, Au SK, Yau S,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: It is known that patients with papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) of the thyroid gland have a very favorable prognosis. The rising incidence of PMC among papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) necessitates the identification of prognostic factors and the formulation of treatment protocols. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of 203 patients with PMC who were diagnosed on or before 1999 and were treated at the Department of Clinical Oncology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong. RESULTS: The cause specific survival, locoregional (LR) failure free survival, and distant metastases failure free survival rates at 10 years were 100\%, 92.1\%, and 97.1\%, respectively. Five patients had lung metastases; 2 patients died of their metastases 12.9 years and 14.8 years after diagnosis, and 3 patients achieved clinical remission after radioiodine (RAI) treatment. Twelve patients had LR recurrences. Patients with LR recurrence were highly salvageable with a combination of surgery, RAI treatment, and external radiotherapy; all but one (who refused treatment) were alive without disease at last follow-up. Multivariate analyses did not reveal any independent prognostic factor for survival. The risk of cervical lymph node (LN) recurrence increased 6.2-fold (P = 0.01) and 5.6-fold (P = 0.02) when LN metastases and multifocal disease were present at diagnosis. RAI ablation reduced the LN recurrence rate to 0.27 (P = 0.04). The presence of LN metastasis increased the rate of distant metastasis 11.2-fold (P = 0.03). Age was not a significant factor in predicting disease recurrence or survival. Subdivision by tumor sizes 5 mm did not affect the outcome, but no patient with tumors
  • DOI: 10.1002/cncr.11442
  • This article was published in Cancer and referenced in Surgery: Current Research

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