alexa PAR-2 activation increases human intestinal mucin secretion through EGFR transactivation.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Jarry A, Dorso L, Gratio V, ForgueLafitte ME, Laburthe M,

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Abstract PAR-2 (protease-activated receptors-2) are G protein-coupled receptors whose action on mucin secretion by intestinal epithelial cells is still unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of PAR-2 activation on mucin secretion in the human colonic goblet cell line HT29-Cl.16E and the intracellular pathways involved. We found that PAR-2 mRNA was constitutively expressed by HT29-Cl.16E cells as well as by isolated human normal colonocytes. The PAR-2-activating peptide SLIGKV-NH(2) elicited rapid mucin secretion in HT29-Cl.16E, which was partially inhibited by calcium chelator BAPTA. Inhibitors of MAPK activation (PD98059) and EGFR tyrosine kinase activity (AG1478) abrogated PAR-2-induced ERK1/2 and EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation, respectively, and subsequent mucin secretion. Finally, PAR-2-induced EGFR transactivation was involved upstream of ERK1/2 activation. Our results show that the activation of PAR-2 expressed by human intestinal epithelial cells enhances mucin secretion, a component of the intestinal innate defence, via a pathway involving EGFR transactivation. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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