alexa Paracellular drug transport across intestinal epithelia: influence of charge and induced water flux.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Karlsson J, Ungell A, Grsj J, Artursson P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The influence of drug charge and transepithelial water flux on passive paracellular drug transport was investigated in Caco-2 cell monolayers and rat ileal mucosa in vitro. Three small hydrophilic compounds with different net charges (creatinine, erythritol and foscarnet) were used as model drugs. A hypotonic glucose-rich solution was applied apically to induce epithelial absorption of water. In the Caco-2 monolayers, permeability to creatinine (positively charged) was 25-fold greater than to foscarnet (negatively charged), indicating a pronounced cation selective paracellular permeability. During apical exposure to the hypotonic glucose-rich solution, transport of all model drugs increased in both the absorptive and secretory directions. This enhanced transport coincided with a decrease in transepithelial resistance. Further, fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy indicated dilatations of the paracellular spaces but no damage to the cell membranes. These findings suggested that the enhancement in drug transport was attributable to increased paracellular tight junction permeability rather than to "solvent drag". In the ileal segments, mucosal exposure to the hypotonic glucose-rich solution had no effect on transepithelial resistance and only a marginal increase in drug transport was observed. Taken together, the modest absorption enhancement demonstrated in the in vitro models agrees with results obtained in vivo, supporting the conclusion that a more pronounced disruption of the tight junction barrier than that obtained through stimulation of epithelial absorption of water is required for efficient enhancement of paracellular intestinal drug absorption.
This article was published in Eur J Pharm Sci and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]micsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords