Author(s): Carlson LA, Holmquist L
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Abstract The activity of lecithin: cholesterol acyl transferase (LCAT), the enzyme which catalyses the esterification of human plasma cholesterol, has been measured by two independent methods in plasma from the two known living Swedish patients with fish eye disease. The enzyme activity was in both cases about 15\% of that of normal plasma. Paradoxically, however, the percentage of plasma cholesterol which was esterified was almost normal in both patients. In addition, a normal spectrum of the fatty acids of the cholesteryl esters was present indicating a normal cholesterol esterification pathway in vivo. Incubation experiments in vitro of plasma from the two patients also yielded normal cholesterol esterification rates when measured by two different methods. These paradoxical results for cholesterol esterification are discussed on the basis of the present biochemical knowledge of fish eye disease and LCAT deficiency.
This article was published in Acta Med Scand
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine