Author(s): Omland T, Brndbo K
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Abstract The second most common cause of stridor reported in the newborn is bilateral vocal cord paralysis (BVCP) and one-third of the cases have been categorized as idiopathic. During the last year four children with stridor since birth were referred to our department for examination. Videotaped flexible laryngoscopy, carried out with the patient awake or under general anaesthesia with a spontanous respiration, revealed instead of abduction of the vocal cords during inspiration, rather an active adductory movement. Consequently instead of BVCP, we made the diagnosis paradoxical vocal cord movement (PVCM). One of the twins required a tracheostomy, the three other patients have been observed without the need of further treatment. No previous publications have described PVCM in newborn. However, our observations and video recordings clearly show that the stridor in our four patients is due to PVCM. This is possibly the same condition as earlier reported as congenital, idiopathic BVCP where incoordinated vocal cord movement or dyskinesia has been a part of the laryngoscopic findings. The mechanism behind PVCM in this age group or site of lesion is unclear.
This article was published in Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access