Author(s): Buckner CK, Clayton DE, AinShoka AA, Busse WW, Dick EC,
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Abstract Guinea pigs, actively sensitized to ovalbumin, were inoculated by nasal insufflation with parainfluenza 3 or virus growth medium 4 d before performing in vitro pharmacological studies on tracheal and bronchial smooth muscle. In each airway segment, cumulative dose-response effects of ovalbumin were obtained in the absence and presence of a maximally effective concentration of a beta adrenergic receptor agonist, sulfonterol. Sulfonterol shifted the dose-response curve to the right and reduced the maximum smooth muscle contractile response to ovalbumin. Virus infection did not alter the dose-response effects of ovalbumin. However, the magnitude of the inhibitory effects of sulfonterol was smaller in segments taken from animals inoculated with virus. Blockade by virus infection of the inhibitory effect of sulfonterol was reversed when the concentrations of beta agonist were increased. Sulfonterol did not alter the dose-response effects of histamine at any of the concentrations that markedly antagonized the effects of ovalbumin. Virus infection did not alter the sensitivities to sulfonterol or papaverine in producing relaxation in either airway segment. The magnitude of relaxation produced by papaverine was significantly larger in bronchial rings taken from animals infected with virus for 4 d, but there was no alteration by virus of the dose-response effects of histamine or carbachol. In experiments measuring antigen-induced release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis and histamine from minced lung, virus infection did not alter the sensitivity or the maximum effects of ovalbumin. Also, the ability of sulfonterol to inhibit the release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis and histamine was not affected by virus infection.These results demonstrate that infection of guinea pigs with respiratory virus results in a selective blockade of the beta adrenergic-mediated inhibition of antigen-induced contraction of airway smooth muscle. The guinea pig may serve as a useful model in physiological studies of virus-induced asthma.
This article was published in J Clin Invest
and referenced in Journal of Allergy & Therapy