Author(s): Luis PazAres, PPARAMOUNT
Background: The PARAMOUNT trial showed that pem continuation maintenance therapy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression over plb (HR=0.62; 95% CI: 0.49-0.79; p <0.0001) in patients (pts) with advanced NS NSCLC who had not progressed during pem-cis induction. Here we present the final OS data. Methods: In a double-blind, plb-controlled study, alpha-controlled for OS, 939 pts received induction (4 cycles of pem 500 mg/m2 and cis 75 mg/m2 on d1 of 21d cycles), and 539 pts who had not progressed and had an ECOG performance status (PS) of 0/1 were randomized (2:1) to maintenance pem (500 mg/m2, on day 1 of 21-day cycles) plus BSC or plb plus BSC until disease progression. All received B12, folic acid, and dexamethasone. After 397 deaths, a log-rank test compared OS between arms using anominal α level of 0.0498. Results: Pt characteristics were balanced between arms: median age 61 years; 58% men; 32% PS 0; 95% Caucasian; 86% adenocarcinoma; 45% complete/partial response (CR/PR) to induction. Pem resulted in a statistically significant 22% reduction in risk of death (HR=0.78). The HR was the same when measured from the beginning of induction. Survival improvement was similar for pts with an induction outcome of CR/PR versus stable disease. Conclusions: Pem continuation maintenance therapy offers superior OS compared with plb. These final results confirm that pem-cis induction followed by continuation pem further benefits pts compared with induction therapy alone, offering a change in the treatment paradigm for advanced NS NSCLC.