alexa Paraoxonase 1 gene transfer lowers vascular oxidative stress and improves vasomotor function in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice with pre-existing atherosclerosis.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Guns PJ, Van Assche T, Verreth W, Fransen P, Mackness B,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transgenesis of human paraoxonase 1 (PON1), a HDL-associated enzyme that destroys lipid peroxides, has been reported to reduce early atherogenesis in mice. The present study explored the therapeutic potential of human PON1 gene transfer in old apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice with advanced atherosclerosis. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: ApoE(-/-) mice (18 months, regular chow) were transfected with PON1 adenovirus (AdPON1, n=10) or control adenovirus (AdRR5, n=10). Non-transfected apoE(-/-) (n=9) and C57Bl/6J (WT, n=6) mice served as controls. Three weeks later, plaque size and composition, and endothelial cell (EC) and smooth muscle cell (SMC) function were assessed in the aorta. KEY RESULTS: PON1 gene transfer raised total PON1 serum activity 13-15 fold during the 3-week study period, without affecting hypercholesterolaemia or lesion size. However, PON1 decreased the oxLDL content of the plaque. Plaque-free thoracic aorta rings from apoE(-/-) mice displayed, like rings from WT mice, complete relaxation to acetylcholine (ACh, 86+/-2\%), ATP (90+/-2\%) or UTP (83+/-3\%). In contrast, in plaque-bearing segments amplitude (55+/-7\%, 68+/-8\%, 52+/-8\% respectively) and sensitivity were decreased. EC function was completely (ATP, UTP) or largely (ACh) restored by AdPON1. Furthermore, apoE(-/-) SMCs released less intracellular calcium than WT upon sarco-endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) inhibition by cyclopiazonic acid. This defect was also restored by AdPON1 transfection. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: These data indicate that AdPON1 gene transfer improved vascular wall oxidative stress, EC function, and SMC Ca(2+) homeostasis in segments with pre-existing atherosclerosis, independently of an effect on plaque size.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords