alexa Parasite-induced lipoxin A4 is an endogenous regulator of IL-12 production and immunopathology in Toxoplasma gondii infection.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Aliberti J, Serhan C, Sher A

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Abstract The production of interleukin (IL)-12 is critical for the development of interferon (IFN)-gamma-dependent resistance to Toxoplasma gondii. Nevertheless, when this response is dysregulated, such as occurs in the absence of IL-10, the uncontrolled inflammation that results can have lethal consequences for the host. Recently, we demonstrated that lipoxin (LX)A(4), an eicosanoid mediator that depends on 5-lipoxygenase (LO) for its biosynthesis, exerts a regulatory role on dendritic cell IL-12 production triggered artificially by a T. gondii extract. We now formally establish the physiological relevance of this pathway in the systemic control of IL-12 production induced by live T. gondii infection and demonstrate its function to be distinct from that of IL-10. Thus, T. gondii-exposed wild-type, but not 5-LO-deficient animals, produced high levels of serum LXA(4) beginning at the onset of chronic infection. Moreover, 5-LO(-/-), in contrast to wild-type mice, succumbed during the same period displaying a marked encephalitis. The increased mortality of the 5-LO(-/-) animals was also associated with significant elevations of IL-12 and IFN-gamma and was completely prevented by the administration of a stable LXA(4) analogue. Together, these findings demonstrate a new pathway involving the induction of host LXs for the in vivo regulation of proinflammatory responses during microbial infection.
This article was published in J Exp Med and referenced in Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy

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