Author(s): Chang TM, Chen TH, Shih CM, Gueng MK, Tsou SS
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate partial and complete circular duodenectomy combined with highly selective vagotomy (HSV) for relief of gastric retention. DESIGN: A retrospective, case-comparison study. SETTING: University hospital referral center. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients with severe obstructing duodenal ulcer disease defined by failure of a saline load test and endoscopic narrowing of the gastric outlet to 5 mm or less. METHODS: In patients with severe obstructing ulcer the diseased duodenal segment was excised with electrocautery (partial excision, 10 patients; complete excision, 8 patients). An HSV was then done. Postoperative fasting gastric residuum measurement and measurement of the emptying of liquids and solids was done at 3 months and patients were weighed at 3 and 12 months. RESULTS: No patient experienced postoperative gastric retention or required reoperation in a 2-year follow up. The early emptying of liquid (20 minutes) in complete circular duodenectomy plus HSV was more rapid than in normal subjects and duodenal ulcer patients. The emptying of solids was slightly delayed in partial duodenectomy plus HSV compared with duodenal ulcer patients but not with normal controls. The emptying of solids in duodenal ulcer patients was more rapid than in normal controls. Weight gain was excellent at 3 and 12 months. CONCLUSION: Partial duodenectomy and complete circular duodenectomy plus HSV are more efficacious than alternative nonresective procedures in restoring gastric emptying to near normal and restoring weight in patients with obstructing duodenal ulcer.
This article was published in Arch Surg
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research