alexa Past and future seasonal variation in pH and metal concentrations in runoff from river basins on acid sulphate soils in Western Finland.


Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Saarinen TS, Klve B

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Abstract Drainage of acid sulphate soils (ASS) increases oxidation, leading to extensive leaching of acidity and metals to rivers (Al, Cd, Cr, Fe, Ni and Zn). This is often apparent during high runoff periods in spring and autumn after long dry periods with low groundwater levels and associated ASS oxidation. Regression models were used to study changes in these water quality variables according to various discharge scenarios. The knowledge of seasonal patterns of water quality variables in future is important for planning land use of the catchments in relation to WFD of European Union. The data showed that river water acidity (pH and metals) increased with discharge, with the correlation being strongest in low runoff periods in winter and summer and less clear in spring. With future climate change, river acidity can increase radically, especially during winters following extremely dry summers, and pH and metal peaks may occur even during winter. This article was published in J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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