alexa Pathobiology of the stratum corneum.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Jackson SM, Williams ML, Feingold KR, Elias PM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The epidermis is a dynamic system whose metabolic activity is regulated in large part by the integrity of the permeability barrier. This barrier resides in the stratum corneum and comprises a unique 2-compartment system of structural protein-enriched corneocytes embedded in a lipid-enriched intercellular matrix. Lipid extraction or metabolic imbalances, such as essential fatty acid deficiency, produce barrier abnormalities that in turn result in epidermal hyperproliferation, scaling, and inflammation. When the barrier remains intact, lipid imbalances, such as an abnormal cholesterol sulfate:cholesterol ratio in recessive X-linked ichthyosis, can lead to abnormal corneocyte adhesion (visible scale). Both cellular and intercellular proteins also participate in normal desquamation, and protein abnormalities may provoke abnormal scaling (such as filaggrin in ichthyosis vulgaris). Thus, perturbations of the stratum corneum may be the catalyst for a number of skin diseases, rather than the end result of processes that are initiated in subjacent skin layers.
This article was published in West J Med and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version