alexa Pathophysiologic role of oxidative stress-induced poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 activation: focus on cell death and transcriptional regulation.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Erdlyi K, Bakondi E, Gergely P, Szab C, Virg L

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PARP-1 is a nuclear enzyme activated by DNA breaks. Activated PARP-1 cleaves NAD into nicotinamide and ADP-ribose and polymerizes the latter covalently coupled to nuclear acceptor proteins. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation has been implicated in the regulation of a diverse array of cellular processes ranging from DNA repair, chromatin organization, transcription, replication to protein degradation. On the 'dark side' of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation, PARP-1 activation has been shown to contribute to tissue injury in shock, diabetes, myocardial or cerebral ischemia reperfusion and various forms of inflammation, as proven by pharmacological studies as well as experiments utilizing PARP-1 knockout animals. To our current knowledge, two mechanisms are responsible for the beneficial effects of PARP inhibitors in inflammatory, neurodegenerative and ischemia-reperfusion-based diseases: (i) inhibition of cell death caused by over-activation of PARP-1; (ii) inhibition of inflammatory signal transduction and production of inflammatory mediators. Here we review the possible regulatory mechanisms (e.g. calcium signaling, metabolism, density-dependent signaling, kinase cascades) of the PARP-1-mediated cell death pathway and discuss recent developments shedding new light on the complex role of PARP-1 in the regulation of the expression of inflammatory mediators. This article was published in Cell Mol Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Food Processing & Technology
    October 02-04, 2017 London, UK
  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords