alexa Pathophysiological mechanisms in osteoarthritis lead to novel therapeutic strategies.
Immunology

Immunology

Rheumatology: Current Research

Author(s): Malemud CJ, Islam N, Haqqi TM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating, progressive disease of diarthrodial joints associated with aging. At the molecular level, OA is characterized by an imbalance between anabolic (i.e. extracellular matrix biosynthesis) and catabolic (i.e. extracellular matrix degradation) pathways in which articular cartilage is the principal site of tissue injury responses. The pathophysiology of OA also involves the synovium in that 'nonclassical' inflammatory synovial processes contribute to OA progression. Chondrocytes are critical to the OA process in that the progression of OA can be judged by the vitality of chondrocytes and their ability to resist apoptosis. Growth factors exemplified by insulin-like growth factor-1, its binding proteins and transforming growth factor-beta contribute to anabolic pathways including compensatory biosynthesis of extracellular matrix proteins. Catabolic pathways are altered by cytokine genes such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) which are upregulated in OA. In addition, IL-1 and TNF-alpha downregulate extracellular matrix protein biosynthesis while concomitantly upregulating matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene expression. When MMPs are activated, cartilage extracellular matrix degradation ensues apparently because levels of endogenous cartilage MMP inhibitors cannot regulate MMP activity. Therapeutic strategies designed to modulate the imbalance between anabolic and catabolic pathways in OA may include neutralizing cytokine activity or MMP gene expression or inhibiting signaling pathways which result in apoptosis dependent on mature caspase activity or mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity. MAPK activity appears critical for regulating chondrocyte and synoviocyte apoptosis and MMP genes. Copyright 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel This article was published in Cells Tissues Organs and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]e.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords