Author(s): Jain D, Dodia C, Fisher AB, Bates SR
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Abstract Uptake and degradation of (125)I-surfactant protein A (SP-A) over a 1-h period was studied in alveolar cells in culture and in isolated perfused lungs to elucidate the mechanism for clearance of the protein from the alveolar space. Specific inhibitors of clathrin- and actin-dependent endocytosis were utilized. In type II cells, uptake of SP-A, compared with controls, was decreased by 60\% on incubation with clathrin inhibitors (amantadine and phenylarsine oxide) or with the actin inhibitor cytochalasin D. All agents reduced SP-A metabolism by alveolar macrophages. Untreated rat isolated perfused lungs internalized 36\% of instilled SP-A, and 56\% of the incorporated SP-A was degraded. Inhibitors of clathrin and actin significantly reduced SP-A uptake by approximately 54\%, whereas cytochalasin D inhibited SP-A degradation. Coincubation of agents did not produce an additive effect on uptake of SP-A by cultured pneumocytes or isolated perfused lungs, indicating that all agents affected the same pathway. Thus SP-A clears the lung via a clathrin-mediated pathway that requires the polymerization of actin.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology