Author(s): Jones KD, Sutton C, Jones KD, Sutton C
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To document the changes in pain scores 3-12 months following ablative laparoscopic surgery. Secondary outcome measures included patient satisfaction scores. DESIGN: A prospective, cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center for the treatment of endometriosis. PATIENT(S): Seventy-three consecutive women with stage III-IV endometriosis and an endometrioma >2 cm. INTERVENTION(S): A laparoscopy was performed. The extraovarian endometriosis was ablated with a CO(2) laser, and the endometrioma capsule was fenestrated then ablated with the potassium-titanic-phosphate (KTP) laser or the Bicap bipolar diathermy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pre- and postoperative visual analogue scores for pelvic pain were completed. Patient satisfaction was scored from 1 to 10, with a score of 10 being "most satisfied." RESULT(S): A total of 73 women with stage III-IV endometriosis and 96 cysts (23 cysts were bilateral). The mean revised American Fertility Society (AFS) score was 65.5 (range 22-128). At 12 months, the mean temporal decrease in the pain score for dyspareunia was 2.14 +/- 0.41; for dysmenorrhea, 1.52 +/- 0.38; and for chronic nonmenstrual pain, 2.37 +/- 0.43. Sixty-four (87.7\%) patients were satisfied or very satisfied with the treatment. No surgical complications occurred. CONCLUSION(S): Laparoscopic ablative surgery for endometriomas in the presence of stage III-IV endometriosis is an effective treatment for relieving pelvic pain.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Journal of Surgery