Author(s): Tangkeangsirisin W, Serrero G
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Abstract Metastasis is a multi-step process involved in the progression of breast cancer to a disease with poor prognosis. Growth factor and/or growth factor receptor over- expression have been reported to play an important role in this process. The 88 kDa glycoprotein PC cell-derived growth factor (PCDGF/GP88), also known as progranulin, has been shown to play a major role in breast tumorigenesis by stimulating proliferation, mediating survival and conferring resistance to tamoxifen. In the present paper, the metastatic potential of PCDGF/GP88 was examined in breast cancer. Using MCF-7 cells, we showed that PCDGF/GP88 over-expression stimulated anchorage-independent cell growth and accelerated cell migration through matrigel. Similar results were obtained with MCF-7 cells treated exogenously with PCDGF/GP88. Furthermore, gelatin zymograph and immunoblot revealed that matrix metalloprotease-9 was up-regulated by PCDGF/GP88. PCDGF/GP88 stimulated VEGF expression in MCF-7 cells. These results suggest that PCDGF/GP88 could act to promote metastasis and angiogenesis in human breast cancer cells in addition to stimulating their proliferation and survival.
This article was published in Carcinogenesis
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology