alexa PD-1 inhibits T-cell receptor induced phosphorylation of the ZAP70 CD3zeta signalosome and downstream signaling to PKCtheta.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Sheppard KA, Fitz LJ, Lee JM, Benander C, George JA,

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Abstract Engagement of the immunoinhibitory receptor, programmed death-1 (PD-1) attenuates T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated activation of IL-2 production and T-cell proliferation. Here, we demonstrate that PD-1 modulation of T-cell function involves inhibition of TCR-mediated phosphorylation of ZAP70 and association with CD3zeta. In addition, PD-1 signaling attenuates PKCtheta activation loop phosphorylation in a cognate TCR signal. PKCtheta has been shown to be required for T-cell IL-2 production. A phosphorylated PD-1 peptide, corresponding to the C-terminal immunoreceptor tyrosine-switch motif (ITSM), acts as a docking site in vitro for both SHP-2 and SHP-1, while the phosphorylated peptide containing the N-terminal PD-1 immunoreceptor tyrosine based inhibitory motif (ITIM) associates only with SHP-2. This article was published in FEBS Lett and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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