Author(s): Latchman YE, Liang SC, Wu Y, Chernova T, Sobel RA,
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Abstract Both positive and negative regulatory roles have been suggested for the B7 family member PD-L1(B7-H1). PD-L1 is expressed on antigen-presenting cells (APCs), activated T cells, and a variety of tissues, but the functional significance of PD-L1 on each cell type is not yet clear. To dissect the functions of PD-L1 in vivo, we generated PD-L1-deficient (PD-L1(-/-)) mice. CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell responses were markedly enhanced in PD-L1(-/-) mice compared with wild-type mice in vitro and in vivo. PD-L1(-/-) dendritic cells stimulated greater wild-type CD4(+) T cell responses than wild-type dendritic cells, and PD-L1(-/-) CD4(+) T cells produced more cytokines than wild-type CD4(+) T cells in vitro, demonstrating an inhibitory role for PD-L1 on APCs and T cells. In vivo CD8(+) T cell responses also were significantly enhanced, indicating that PD-L1 has a role in limiting the expansion or survival of CD8(+) T cells. Studies using the myelin oligodendrocyte model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis showed that PD-L1 on T cells and in host tissues limits responses of self-reactive CD4(+) T cells in vivo. PD-L1 deficiency converted the 129S4/SvJae strain from a resistant to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis-susceptible strain. Transfer of encephalitogenic T cells from wild-type mice into PD-L1(-/-) recipients led to exacerbated disease. Disease was even more severe in PD-L1(-/-) recipients of PD-L1(-/-) T cells. These results demonstrate that PD-L1 on T cells, APCs, and host tissue inhibits naïve and effector T cell responses and plays a critical role in T cell tolerance.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology