alexa PD-L2:PD-1 involvement in T cell proliferation, cytokine production, and integrin-mediated adhesion.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Saunders PA, Hendrycks VR, Lidinsky WA, Woods ML

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The B7 family member programmed death ligand 2 (PD-L2) has been implicated in both positive and negative regulation of T cell activity. In this study, we demonstrate that on human T cells, PD-L2 acts only as a negative regulator of T cell activity, inhibiting proliferation, IL-2 production, and IFN-gamma production via its interaction with programmed death-1 (PD-1). This study also shows a novel role for PD-1 in inhibiting beta1 and beta2 integrin-mediated adhesion. PD-L2 inhibition of T cell function involves modulation of the phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase (PI 3-K)/AKT and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, with PD-L2 inhibiting anti-CD3-induced AKT phosphorylation within minutes and ERK phosphorylation after hours. Analysis of phosphatase activity of Src homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase (SHP)-1 and SHP-2 in response to anti-CD3 mAb or anti-CD3 mAb + PD-L2 stimulation revealed that while SHP-1 phosphatase activity is not affected by stimulation, SHP-2 phosphatase activity is significantly increased by anti-CD3 mAb + PD-L2 stimulation. Anti-CD3 mAb + PD-L2 stimulation also increased the level of SHP-2 associated with the PD-1 receptor. These results suggest that catalytically active SHP-2 associated with the PD-1 receptor is involved in modulating T cell function. This article was published in Eur J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords