Author(s): Giunchedi P, Conte U, Chetoni P, Saettone MF
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Abstract Microparticulate polymeric delivery systems have been suggested as a possible approach to improve the low bioavailability characteristics shown by standard ophthalmic vehicles (collyria). Purpose of this study was the evaluation of pectin microspheres as delivery system for piroxicam (Px). The microspheres were prepared by a spray-drying technique; their morphological characteristics were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and their in vitro release behavior was evaluated in pH 7.0 USP buffer using a flow-through apparatus. Px loaded in the pectin microspheres showed a faster in vitro dissolution rate with respect to solid micronized drug. The precorneal retention of fluorescein-loaded microspheres was evaluated in vivo in albino rabbits: an aqueous dispersion of fluorescent microspheres showed a significantly increased residence time in the eye (2.5 vs. 0.5 h) when compared with a fluorescein solution. In vivo tests in rabbits of dispersions of Px-loaded microspheres also indicated a significant improvement of Px bioavailability in the aqueous humour (2.5-fold) when compared with commercial Px eyedrops. The potential advantages and limitations of this delivery system are discussed.
This article was published in Eur J Pharm Sci
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics