alexa Penetration of antibody-opsonized cells by the membrane attack complex of complement promotes Ca(2+) influx and induces streamers.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Beum PV, Lindorfer MA, Peek EM, Stukenberg PT, de Weers M,

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Abstract We have reported that during complement-mediated cytolysis of B cells promoted by the CD20 mAbs rituximab or ofatumumab (OFA), long, thin structures that we call streamers (≥ 3 cell diameters) are rapidly generated and grow out from the cell surface. Streamers appear before cells are killed and contain opsonizing mAbs and membrane lipids. By exploiting the differential Ca(2+) requirements of discrete steps in the complement cascade, we determined that mAb-opsonized cells first tagged with C3b using C5-depleted serum are killed on addition of serum and EDTA, but the cells do not produce streamers. Also, cells first opsonized with OFA are lysed in serum containing Mg-EGTA by the alternative complement pathway but streamers are not produced. These findings indicate that Ca(2+) influx is necessary for streamer formation. Other mAbs that promote complement-mediated cytolysis also induce streamers on target cells. Streamer-like structures called nanotubes have been reported in several cellular systems, and are thought to promote intercellular communication/signaling. We tested whether this signaling could influence the susceptibility of neighboring cells contacted by streamers to complement attack and found that complement-mediated cytolysis of OFA-opsonized cells increases the resistance of unopsonized indicator cell populations to subsequent lysis when these cells are exposed to OFA and complement. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This article was published in Eur J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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