Author(s): Kerkeni M, Sadi A, Bouzidi H, Letaief A, Ben Yahia S,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Serum soluble receptor for advanced glycation end product (sRAGE) may reflect the activity of the advanced glycation end product (AGE)-receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) axis, which has been proposed as a potential mechanism linking hyperglycaemia to vascular complications in diabetes. We have investigated whether serum AGEs, sRAGE and pentosidine levels were increased and correlated with microvascular complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). We included 30 healthy control subjects, and 200 diabetic patients were divided into two subgroups: 100 patients with diabetic retinopathy and 100 patients with diabetic nephropathy. AGEs, sRAGE and pentosidine were measured in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Serum AGEs, sRAGE and pentosidine levels were significantly increased in diabetic patients with retinopathy and in diabetic patients with nephropathy compared to control subjects (p < 0.001). Serum AGEs, sRAGE and pentosidine levels are positively associated with microvascular complications in type 2 DM. Multiple regression analysis reveals serum pentosidine as an independent determinant of the presence of diabetic retinopathy (p = 0.004) and the presence of hypertension (p = 0.018) and hyperlipidaemia (p = 0.036). Pentosidine levels may be a biomarker for microvascular complications in type 2 diabetic patients.
This article was published in Diab Vasc Dis Res
and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis