Author(s): Picariello G, Ferranti P, Fierro O, Mamone G, Caira S,
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Abstract Resistance to proteases throughout the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a prerequisite for milk-derived peptides to exert biological activities. In this work an in vitro multi-step static model to simulate complete digestion of the bovine milk proteins has been developed. The experimental set-up involved the sequential use of: (i) pepsin, (ii) pancreatic proteases, and (iii) extracts of human intestinal brush border membranes, in simulated gastric, duodenal and jejuneal environments, respectively. Enzymatic concentrations and reaction times were selected in order to closely reproduce the in vivo conditions. The aim was to identify the peptide candidates able to exhibit significant bioactive effects. Casein and whey protein peptides which survived the in vitro GI digestion have been identified by the combined application of HPLC and mass spectrometry techniques. While the permanence of the main potentially bioactive peptides from both casein and whey proteins was found of limited physiological relevance, the high resistance to proteolysis of specific regions of beta-lactoglobulin (beta-Lg), and especially that of the peptide beta-Lg f125-135, could have implications for the immunogenic action of beta-Lg in the insurgence of cow's milk allergy. 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Advances in Dairy Research