Author(s): DiZio P, Lackner JR
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Abstract We measured the effects of postrotary head tilts on the perceived duration and the apparent axis of illusory self-rotation experienced following counterclockwise body rotation in high (1.8 G), normal (1 G), and low (0 G) gravitoinertial force environments. In the absence of head movements, the duration of illusory afterrotation was shorter in 0 G and 1.8 G than in 1 G, and it was further shortened by 40 degrees pitch-back head movements in 1 G and 1.8 G. Clockwise illusory afterrotation about the torso's vertical z-axis was always experienced in trials without postrotary head tilts. In trials with head movements, half the subjects experienced no change in this pattern; however, half experienced transient rightward roll of the torso's z-axis, which remained the rotation axis. The duration and extent of apparent roll were greater in 0 G and smaller in 1.8 G than in 1 G. We provide a functional explanation for the tendency for perceived self-rotation to be determined relative to the torso and to the gravitoinertial vertical rather than solely in relation to head position and head-fixed angular velocity sensors.
This article was published in Percept Psychophys
and referenced in Journal of Ergonomics