Author(s): Sindou M, Messerer M, Alvernia J, SaintPierre G
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Abstract Knowledge of the pathological diagnosis before deciding the best strategy for treating parasellar lesions is of prime importance, due to the relative high morbidity and side-effects of open direct approaches to this region, known to be rich in important vasculo-nervous structures. When imaging is not evocative enough to ascertain an accurate pathological diagnosis, a percutaneous biopsy through the transjugal-transoval route (of Hartel) may be performed to guide the therapeutic decision.The chapter is based on the authors' experience in 50 patients who underwent the procedure over the ten past years. There was no mortality and only little (mostly transient) morbidity. Pathological diagnosis accuracy of the method revealed good, with a sensitivity of 0.83 and a specificity of 1.In the chapter the authors first recall the surgical anatomy background from personal laboratory dissections. They then describe the technical procedure, as well as the tissue harvesting method. Finally they define indications together with the decision-making process.Due to the constraint trajectory of the biopsy needle inserted through the Foramen Ovale, accessible lesions are only those located in the Meckel trigeminal Cave, the posterior sector of the cavernous sinus compartment, and the upper part of the petroclival region.The authors advise to perform this percutaneous biopsy method when imaging does not provide sufficient evidence of the pathological nature of the lesion, for therapeutic decision. Goal is to avoid unnecessary open surgery or radiosurgery, also inappropriate chemo-/radio-therapy.
This article was published in Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research