Author(s): Stoller ML, Bolton D, St Lezin M, Lawrence M
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the success and morbidity of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) performed in patients aged 65 years and older. METHODS: A retrospective review of 42 PNLs performed on 33 patients aged 65 years and older was compared with a cohort of 160 PNLs performed on younger patients over the same time period. RESULTS: The presence of complete staghorn calculi (17 of 36 renal units [47\%] versus 88 of 160 renal units [55\%], p = 0.46) and average stone size (3.8 cm versus 4.3 cm, p = 0.2) were similar for the 2 groups. Eighty-two percent of patients (27 of 33) were stone-free or left with fragments < 5 mm at 3 months after surgery. Elderly patients had a higher transfusion rate after PNL despite similar preoperative hemoglobin levels (11 of 42 PNLs [26\%] versus 22 of 160 PNLs [14\%], p < 0.01). Serious complications were infrequent and there were no deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is a safe and effective therapy for elderly patients with complex stone disease; however, awareness of an apparent increased requirement for blood transfusion is warranted.
This article was published in Urology
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research