Author(s): Van Steenbergen W, Van Aken L, Van Beckevoort D, Stockx L, Fevery J
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of percutaneous cholangioscopy in older patients with complex diagnostic and therapeutic bile duct disorders. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Fourteen patients with a mean age of 74 (SD +/- 9) years (range, 60-91 years) underwent percutaneous cholangioscopy. Eleven of these patients presented with endoscopically irretrievable bile duct stones. These 11 patients represent 4.1\% of a group of 342 patients (age > or = 60 years) with a mean age of 76 (SD +/- 9) years who were treated endoscopically because of common bile duct stones between January 1993 and January 1996. Three patients presented with obstructive jaundice resulting from a bile duct stricture. In these three patients, brushing cytology of the strictures had proved to be negative. INTERVENTION: After creation and dilatation of a percutaneous transhepatic tract, cholangioscopy was carried out with a flexible cholangioscope. All procedures were performed under mild sedation and analgesia. Stone disintegration was obtained by electrohydraulic lithotripsy, applied through the working channel of the cholangioscope. RESULTS: Complete stone disintegration and removal was obtained after one to three cholangioscopic sessions in all 11 patients with stones. A histological diagnosis of malignancy was obtained in the three patients with biliary strictures. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous cholangioscopy is a well tolerated and promising technique in our diagnostic and therapeutic strategy in older patients with complex biliary disorders not responsive to peroral endoscopic diagnosis or treatment.
This article was published in J Am Geriatr Soc
and referenced in Surgery: Current Research