alexa Percutaneous transluminal balloon valvuloplasty of adult aortic stenosis: report of 92 cases.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Cribier A, Savin T, Berland J, Rocha P, Mechmeche R,

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Abstract Percutaneous transluminal balloon valvuloplasty was attempted in 92 adult patients with severe calcific aortic stenosis. The mean age was 75 +/- 11 years (range 38 to 91) and 35 patients were more than 80 years old. Most of the patients were severely disabled; 66 were in New York Heart Association functional class III or IV, 27 had syncopal attacks and 21 had severe angina pectoris. Because of unacceptably high surgical risk or contraindication to thoracic surgery, 42 patients could not be considered for valve replacement. Other patients either were in a category of high operative risk or refused the surgical intervention. Valvuloplasty was performed by way of the femoral route (82 patients) or the brachial route (10 patients). Catheters of size 15, 18 and 20 mm were successively placed across the aortic valve and three inflations were usually done with each of them, lasting 80 seconds on average, until a decrease in peak to peak systolic pressure gradient to 40 mm Hg or less was attained, a result considered satisfactory. The inflated balloons were not totally occlusive in most cases and clinical tolerance of inflation was good. Valvuloplasty resulted in a reduction of mean systolic gradient from 75 +/- 26 to 30 +/- 13 mm Hg (p less than 0.001); the final gradient was less than 40 mm Hg in 78 patients. Mean calculated aortic valve area increased from 0.49 +/- 0.17 to 0.93 +/- 0.36 cm2 (p less than 0.001). Immediately after the procedure, ejection fraction increased from 48 +/- 16 to 51 +/- 16\% (p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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