Author(s): Babaie J, Ardalan A, Vatandoost H, Goya MM, Akbari Sari A
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Following the twin earthquakes on August 11, 2012, in the East Azerbaijan province of Iran, the provincial health center set up a surveillance system to monitor communicable diseases. This study aimed to assess the performance of this surveillance system. METHODS: In this quantitative-qualitative study, performance of the communicable diseases surveillance system was assessed by using the updated guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Qualitative data were collected through interviews with the surveillance system participants, and quantitative data were obtained from the surveillance system. RESULTS: The surveillance system was useful, simple, representative, timely, and flexible. The data quality, acceptability, and stability of the surveillance system were 65.6\%, 10.63\%, and 100\%, respectively. The sensitivity and positive predictive value were not calculated owing to the absence of a gold standard. CONCLUSIONS: The surveillance system satisfactorily met the goals expected for its setup. The data obtained led to the control of communicable diseases in the affected areas. Required interventions based on the incidence of communicable disease were designed and implemented. The results also reassured health authorities and the public. However, data quality and acceptability should be taken into consideration and reviewed for implementation in future disasters.
This article was published in Disaster Med Public Health Prep
and referenced in Journal of General Practice