Author(s): Masciotra S, Luo W, Youngpairoj AS, Kennedy MS, Wells S, , Masciotra S, Luo W, Youngpairoj AS, Kennedy MS, Wells S,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: FDA-approved HIV Antigen/Antibody combo (4th generation) immunoassays (IAs) can identify HIV-1 infections before the Western blot (WB) becomes positive. In the US, increased detection of acute HIV infections has been facilitated by using 4th generation IAs, but there is no FDA-approved 4th generation rapid test (RT). The Alere Determine™ HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo (Determine Combo) RT detects and distinguishes HIV p24 Antigen (Ag) from Antibody (Ab) to HIV-1+HIV-2 and thus has the potential to improve diagnosis of acute HIV infection. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of Determine Combo RT to detect acute/early HIV-1 infections and HIV-2 antibody in well-characterized plasma specimens. STUDY DESIGN: In HIV-1 seroconverters from the US, Determine Combo reactivity was evaluated by performing the 50\% cumulative frequency analysis and by comparing with 3rd and 4th generation IAs' reactivity. HIV-2 plasma specimens from Ivory Coast were tested with Determine Combo. RESULTS: The 50\% cumulative frequency analysis in 17 seroconverters placed Determine Combo (Ag+/Ab-, Ag+Ab+, Ag-/Ab+) and Ab-component reactivity at 15.5 and 7 days before WB positivity, respectively. In 26 seroconverters, Determine Combo was reactive in 99.0\% and 92.5\% of 3rd and 4th generation IAs-reactive specimens, respectively. All HIV-2 plasma specimens were Ab-reactive/Ag-non-reactive by Determine Combo. CONCLUSIONS: Based on previous results with the same seroconversion panels, combined Ag/Ab reactivity of the Determine Combo appears between FDA-approved 4th and 3rd generation laboratory IAs. These data indicate that this RT could detect HIV-1 infection earlier than other RTs and it performs well in HIV-2 specimens. Published by Elsevier B.V.
This article was published in J Clin Virol
and referenced in HIV: Current Research