Author(s): Iwata T, Ito H, Furu M, , Hashimoto M,
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Abstract The relationship between periarticular osteoporosis in the distal forearm and joint destruction or functional impairment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is not sufficiently elucidated. From a single institutional cohort study, we found a strong correlation between periarticular forearm bone mineral density (BMD) and joint destruction or functional impairment. INTRODUCTION: This study was conducted to investigate (1) the difference between various periarticular regions of interest (ROIs) of BMD of the forearm, (2) the correlation between periarticular forearm BMD and joint destruction and physical function, (3) the independent variables for predicting BMD of the forearm, and (4) the forearm BMD of different ROIs in the early stage of RA. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in an RA cohort. Measurements included BMD of the distal forearm, joint destruction of the hands assessed by modified total Sharp score (mTSS), functional impairment assessed by a health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), and other clinical data. Variables affecting the forearm BMD values were analyzed by correlation and stepwise regression analyses. RESULTS: Of the 405 patients enrolled in the present study, 370 (average age; 62.9 years) were identified as having definite RA with a complete set of data. BMD in the distal end of the forearm (BMDud) was significantly reduced compared with that in the distal third of the forearm (BMD1/3). In a stepwise regression analysis, the mTSS in BMD1/3 was an independent predicting variable, while age and partial HAQ scores associated with the upper extremity were common independent variables in BMDud and BMD1/3. BMDud was significantly less than BMD1/3, even in patients with a short duration of the disease. BMD1/3 was significantly less in non-remission group compared with that in remission group in patients with a short duration of the disease. CONCLUSION: Periarticular BMD in the distal forearm is closely correlated with joint destruction and functional impairment in RA. Periarticular BMD in the distal forearm may be already reduced at the clinical manifestation of the disease.
This article was published in Osteoporos Int
and referenced in Journal of Osteoporosis and Physical Activity