alexa Perilipin discerns chronic from acute hepatocellular steatosis.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Pawella LM, Hashani M, Eiteneuer E, Renner M, Bartenschlager R,

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Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatocellular steatosis is the most frequent liver disease in the western world and may develop further to steatohepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. We have previously shown that lipid droplet (LD)-associated proteins of the perilipin/PAT-family are differentially expressed in hepatocyte steatosis and that perilipin is expressed de novo. The aim of this study was to determine the conditions for the temporal regulation of de novo synthesis of perilipin in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Immunohistochemical PAT-analysis was performed with over 120 liver biopsies of different etiology and duration of steatosis. Steatosis was induced in cultured hepatocytic cells with combinations of lipids, steatogenic substances and DMSO for up to 40 days under conditions of stable down-regulation of adipophilin and/or TIP47. RESULTS: Whereas perilipin and adipophilin were expressed in human chronic liver disease irrespective of the underlying etiology, in acute/microvesicular steatosis TIP47, and MLDP were recruited from the cytoplasm to LDs, adipophilin was strongly increased, but perilipin was virtually absent. In long-term steatosis models in vitro, TIP47, MLDP, adipophilin, and finally perilipin were gradually induced. Perilipin and associated formation of LDs were intricately regulated on the transcriptional (PPARs, C/EBPs, SREBP), post-transcriptional, and post-translational level (TAG-amount, LD-fusion, phosphorylation-dependent lipolysis). In long-term steatosis models under stable down-regulation of adipophilin and/or TIP47, MLDP substituted for TIP47, and perilipin for adipophilin. CONCLUSIONS: LD-maturation in hepatocytes in vivo and in vitro involves sequential expression of TIP47, MLDP, adipophilin and finally perilipin. Thus, perilipin might be used for the differential diagnosis of chronic vs. acute steatosis. Copyright © 2013 European Association for the Study of the Liver. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Hepatol and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

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