alexa Perinatal management of a neonate with airway obstruction caused by rhabdomyosarcoma of the tongue.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Skelton VA, Goodwin A

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Abstract Intra-oral masses in neonates can seriously compromise the airway, potentially causing hypoxia and death if not recognized and managed appropriately. We report a case in which an intra-oral mass was diagnosed on antenatal ultrasound scan. Preparation for delivery involved a multidisciplinary team approach, with a strategy for management at delivery. The child was delivered by elective Caesarean section and had a patent airway. A tracheostomy was performed immediately after delivery. The infant underwent a debulking procedure 3 weeks after birth. A histological diagnosis of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma was made and a course of chemotherapy commenced. The child had a partial response to treatment with considerable shrinkage of the tongue mass. We discuss the management options in neonates with intra-oral masses to provide an adequate airway and maintain fetal oxygenation. The differential diagnosis of fetal oral masses is reviewed.
This article was published in Br J Anaesth and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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